Each Formulation 1 automotive race is run with automobiles which are very excessive efficiency and have sure requirements set down for them by the FIA, or the Federation Internationale de l’Car. The FIA units many guidelines for each Formulation 1 automotive racing staff. There are a number of causes for these guidelines.
In the beginning is the necessity for security measures. Additionally, whereas some margin of flexibility is given to the staff constructors to optimize the car for efficiency, there’s additionally a necessity for some uniformity within the efficiency and design of each car, from each staff.
The Formulation 1 automobiles have a single seat and an open cockpit. The sports activities auto chassis is made largely from a carbon fiber composite, which permits for energy and stiffness, whereas nonetheless remaining mild. The laws and automotive guides set down by the FIA state that the mix of car and driver can’t exceed 600 kg. This contains the engine and any fluids added to it, reminiscent of gasoline and water.
All the automobiles in a Formulation 1 automotive race have one design high quality that’s the identical. Every of them is as practically aerodynamically good as it could possibly get. That is achieved by including “wings” or spoilers in strategic locations on the physique, mostly on the entrance and rear.
Nonetheless, the automotive racing groups have just lately begun including extra, smaller spoilers to completely different areas in hopes of bettering the general efficiency of the car. These automobiles are very mild and will simply flip if a draft have been to get below them on the speeds they journey. Due to this, every one of many automobiles has a physique that’s designed particularly to sit down nearly proper on the bottom.
Every Formulation 1 automotive race has particular tires that the automotive racing groups are required to make use of. They’re designed for a selected function. Previous to 1998, all the groups have been required to make use of what is known as a slick tire. These have been tires with no tread in any respect.
In 1998, the FIA mandated using a grooved tire. These tires had 4 grooves in them and have been designed to restrict the pace at which the automobiles may flip. Slick tires are making a comeback although and shall be allowed on the F1 automotive race observe once more within the 2009 automotive racing sports activities season.