The Immortal Excellence of Arts and Crafts in Andhra Pradesh

The richness of our Indian subcontinent

Each and every region of India excels in arts and crafts reflecting the intellect of their local artists. Andhra Pradesh in the southern region of India possesses the distinction of carrying all the significant range of handicrafts developed in traditional places that is widespread over different parts of Andhra Pradesh. The arts and crafts of Andhra Pradesh is developed over a period of several years and is acclimatized to recent technologies with artists transforming themselves to latest trends without disturbing their traditional style.

The major attractions of handicrafts in India

Handicrafts of Andhra Pradesh are significantly focused in India as all popular category of handicraft products are designed in various parts of this state. Most notable handicraft works includes Pearl jewelry, Banjara Needle crafts, Budithi Brassware, Dokra Metal Crafts, Bronze castings, Lacquer Ware, Folk Paintings, Kalamkari and black printed fabrics and wood carvings. Among those, Nirmal Craft holds its own significance because of the exemplanary work of those artists who are confined to Andhra Pradesh.

All about Nirmal craft

The art of Nirmal holds its strong base in Nirmal town, Adilabad district, Andhra Pradesh. This is the residential area for Nirmal craftsmen who are referred as Nakash. Nakash population is well trained to depict the scenes of our holy epics Ramayana and Mahabharata in their paintings.

They make use of original colors abstracted from herbs, gum and minerals. Currently, they make use of gold covers isolated from herbal juices. They keep themselves updated by deploying novel methods and ideas to retain their demands. Unlike traditional Nakash, who were mere painters of our holy epics, today’s craftsmen do their job of painting motifs in their personalized style of old Indian traditional schools. Miniatures of Moghul are painted amazingly on white soft wood. This soft white wood is named as Ponniki and is powered by applying a layer of pipeclay, fine muslin and tamarind seed paste before painting holy epics.

This Nirmal art was originally developed during 14th century when the Nirmal craftsmen became experts in wooden engravings. The basic material used in this Nirmal painting is wood. Their keen experiment with vegetable and mineral dyes landed on novel transformations. During the late 17th century, this art faced new revolution where their confined talent was exposed to the outer world with the manufacture of various decoration and utility articles.

Nirmal toys are designed from locally available ‘Ponki Chekka’, the material that is flexible and very light in its texture and can be molded to desired size and shape. The parts of the toy are attached together by making use of exclusively prepared glue and painted with Chinta lappam (prepared from boiled tamarind seeds and saw dust) and painted with white clay which in turn, leveled from any depression and ridges in the toys. The toys are later dried and painted with brilliant colors. These colors are also exclusively prepared with utmost care.

Designing artifacts or wall plaques is slightly different from the making of toys. The basic material wood, which is used in this art, is finely finished on lathe before processing the art. The background of the painting is sprayed with their desired color of Duco paint and then preceded for painting. Without disturbing the intricacy and tradition of their holy art, these men adopted newer trends and designed styles that suite the modern men.

Nirmal Toys Industrial Cooperative Society is located on National Highway 7, was initiated during 1955 with 60 artists in their manufacture unit which focus on miniature and furniture paintings.

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